Post-Impressionism Post-Impressionism is a term that encompasses a variety of styles that emerged in the late 19th century. Younger artists valued the freedom from academic painting that Impressionism had brought but saw a narrowness in its approach, and so they pursued alternative approaches. Many adopted individualized styles and sought views that were more personal. Rather than trying to create naturalistic views of the observed world, these artists freely manipulated the formal elements of painting—such as line and color—to evoke aspects of non-visible worlds, whether psychological, emotional, or purely aesthetic. Neo-Impressionism, also known as "pointillism," is one of the styles featured in this gallery. Some of the artists on view in this gallery include Paul Gauguin, Maximilien Luce, and Henri Matisse.