Arts of the New Republic The works of art in this gallery shed light upon the way that Americans lived from the years preceding the Revolutionary War until about 1860. These paintings, furniture, and decorative arts chart the growing luxury and opulence of American homes over the course of that century. Striving to offer products that could compete with European goods, regional artists and artisans modified international designs for American homes. For furniture and decorative arts, they used local materials and adapted new national symbols from ancient Greek and Roman art. Some of the artists on view in this gallery include Gilbert Stuart, Thomas Badger, Thomas Sully, Charles Codman, William Matthew Prior, and Amasa Hewins, with decorative arts by Benjamin Radford, John Doggett, and the Boston and Sandwich Glass Company.